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Bihar as an Educational Destination

Published on: Mar 23, 2010

Looking Back

In the ancient past Bihar was a major center of learning, teaching and research. There were two world-renowned universities i.e. the Nalanda University and the Vikramshila University. The Nalanda University was famed for providing education in Political Science and Economics, while Vikramshila known for education in Tantra. Unfortunately in medieval period this system of education destroyed by invading armies. Later British ruled the country and the area remain neglected.

It was the later part of British rule in India when Bihar saw some revival in education as the British established a University at Patna and some other institutes for higher education, like Science College, Patna, Prince of Wales Medical College (Now Patna Medical College and Hospital), and Bihar Engineering College (Now National Institute of Technology, Patna). However educational growth in the state did not stepped up further as post independence leaders from Bihar failed in establishing educational institutions in the state.

Present Scenario

There is a huge gap in demand and supply of education in the state. This is the reason the students are migrating from the state for receiving education. There is good percentage of pupils studying in institutes of higher education in other states like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIIMs), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), etc.

The schooling system in Bihar is same as it was during British rule. State government administers state schools in Bihar. There is system of District Schools also called Zila Schools in the State. State schools are affiliated with Bihar School Examination Board.

Now a days there are also good number of schools affiliated with Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Council for Indian School Certificate Examination (CICSE). These schools include Convent Schools, Kendriya Vidyalayas, and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas. In the post liberalization era the number of private schools, including school-chains and Missionary Schools run by Christian Missionaries as well as Madrasas, or schools run by Muslim clerics has increased. The school-chains and Missionary Schools run by Christian Missionaries are considered as some of the best schools in the state.

For providing higher education Bihar has many universities and colleges like Patna University, National Institute of Technology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences and many others. Range of courses taught like sciences, engineering, law, medicine, mass communication etc.

The literacy rate in Bihar is low as there is huge gap between demand and supply for school education as well as higher education. The state requires more number of schools and institutes for higher education. The Indian Institute of Technology and Nalanda University will soon be set up. With these institutions coming up it is expected that the literacy rate will be higher than it is at present as they will also attract many other educational institutions to set up their branches in the state.

Educational Institutions

Category Total Number Affiliation Total Enrolment Number of Teachers Teacher-Student
Ratio
Pre-Primary School

1

-

27316

-

-

Primary School

53697

-

10473252

115486

63

Elementary School

13761

-

2548580

99181

49

Secondary School

4146

-

1092237

39356

43

Senior Secondary School

227

-

34842

6135

41

Pre Degree /Junior College

537

 

365708

Board of Intermediate / Secondary Education

2

-

-

-

-

Degree College

742
(Arts/Sc./Com.)

-

627338
(BA/BSc.BCom.)

-

-

Engg. College

9

-

6727
(B.E./B.Sc./B.Arch.)

-

-

Professional College

-

-

-

-

-

Medical College

23

-

15328
(M.B.B.S)

-

-

All University

17

-

35006
(MA/MSc/MCom.)
961
(Ph.D/D.Phil/D.Sc)

-

-

Central University

-

-

-

-

-

State university

-

-

-

-

-

Deemed University

2

-

-

-

-

Institution of National Importance

-

-

-

-

-

Research Institution

11

-

-

-

-

Teacher Training College

15

-

2735
(B.Ed./B.T.)

-

-

Teacher Training School

195

-

1529

-

-

Polytechnic Institutes

15

-

2833

-

-

Technical /Industrial/Arts&Craft
School

51

-

7049

-

-

Literacy Rate from 1951 to 2001

SL

Year

Persons

Males

Females

1

2

3

4

5

1.

1951

13.49

22.68

4.22

2.

1961

21.95

35.85

8.11

3.

1971

23.17

35.86

9.86

4.

1981

32.32

47.11

16.61

5.

1991

37.49

51.37

21.99

6.

2001

47.53

60.32

33.57

Literacy Rate by Sexfor the State and its Districts

 

Literacy Rate*

Persons

Males

Females

SL

State/District

1991

2001

1991

2001

1991

2001

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

 

Bihar State

37.49

47.53

51.37

60.32

21.99

33.57

1.

West Champaran

27.99

39.63

39.62

51.91

14.41

25.85

2.

East Champaran

27.59

38.14

39.65

50.14

13.69

24.65

3.

Sheohar

26.18

37.01

36.36

45.54

14.34

27.43

4.

Sitamarhi

28.49

39.38

39.86

51.02

15.49

26.35

5.

Madhubani

33.22

42.35

48.49

57.26

16.75

26.56

6.

Supaul

28.11

37.80

40.96

53.23

13.74

21.02

7.

Araria

26.19

34.94

36.99

46.50

14.01

22.14

8.

Kishanganj

22.22

31.02

33.12

42.80

10.38

18.49

9.

Purnia

28.52

35.51

38.92

46.16

16.80

23.72

10.

Katihar

28.70

35.29

39.24

45.51

16.88

24.03

11.

Madhepura

27.72

36.19

39.31

48.87

14.41

22.31

12.

Saharsa

29.98

39.28

42.37

52.04

15.83

25.31

13.

Darbhanga

34.94

44.32

48.31

57.18

20.09

30.35

14.

Muzaffarpur

36.11

48.15

48.44

60.19

22.33

35.20

15.

Gopalganj

34.96

48.19

51.62

63.81

17.75

32.81

16.

Siwan

39.13

52.01

57.51

67.67

21.33

37.26

17.

Saran

41.79

52.01

60.18

67.81

22.71

35.74

18.

Vaishali

40.56

51.63

55.62

64.00

24.08

38.14

19.

Samastipur

36.37

45.76

50.39

57.83

21.17

32.69

20.

Begusarai

36.88

48.55

48.66

59.71

23.52

36.21

21.

Khagaria

32.33

41.56

42.97

52.02

19.79

29.62

22.

Bhagalpur

41.84

50.28

53.41

60.11

28.11

38.83

23.

Banka

34.55

43.40

48.17

56.28

18.99

29.10

24.

Munger

52.25

60.11

64.95

70.68

37.07

47.97

25.

Lakhisarai

39.40

48.21

53.12

60.97

23.48

34.26

26.

Sheikhpura

40.92

49.01

55.43

62.56

24.41

34.13

27.

Nalanda

46.95

53.64

61.95

66.94

29.97

39.03

28.

Patna

56.33

63.82

69.07

73.81

41.35

52.17

29.

Bhojpur

48.18

59.71

66.35

74.78

27.95

42.81

30.

Buxar

33.49

57.49

62.94

72.82

25.74

40.36

31.

Kaimur

39.35

55.57

55.68

70.57

20.69

38.90

32.

Rohtas

48.52

62.36

64.50

76.54

30.29

46.62

33.

Jehanabad

45.83

56.03

63.11

70.90

26.81

40.08

34.

Aurangabad

45.14

57.50

61.80

71.99

26.67

42.04

35.

Gaya

40.47

51.07

55.22

63.81

24.20

37.40

36.

Nawada

38.96

47.36

54.85

61.22

21.82

32.64

37.

Jamui

33.41

42.74

48.48

57.10

16.41

26.92

* Literacy Rate is the percentage of literates to population of age 7 years and above

NGOs Assisted Under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes

Name of the NGO

Scheme

Year of Grant & Amount

96-99

00-01

01-02

02-03

03-04

Karpuri Thakur GraminVikas Sansthan, Raghu Bhawan, Harnichak, Anisabad, Patna

Hostel Facility for Girls

 

Rs.2,50,000

Rs.4,06,250

 

 

Sidhartha Gyan Kendra,PO- Kusaiya, Distt.  Samastipur

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

Rs.2,50,000

Rs.4,06,250

 

 

Rural and UrbanDevelopment  Society, Navgarh, Po- Gangapur, Distt. Jehanabad

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

 

Rs.3,25,000

 

 

Goutam Vihar,
Dumara, Distt. Sitamarhi

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

 

Rs.3,25,000

 

 

Surangam Kala Kendra,Chakbasu, Muzaffarpur

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

Rs.3,25,000

 

 

 

Rahul Vihar, Balaha,Khagariya

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

 

Rs.4,06,250

 

 

Bhartiya Gramin SevaSansthan, Thakariya, Singhwara, Darbhanga

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

 

Rs.4,06,250

 

 

Sashwat Seva Sansthan,Urbarak Nagar, Begusarai

Hostel Facility forGirls

 

 

Rs.4,24,750

 

 

Jan Sikshan sansthan, Gaya

Scheme of Studies, Seminars, Evaluation

 

 

Rs.1,00,000

 

 

East and WestEducational Society, Rajendra Nagar, Patna

Environment Orientation to School Education

Rs.35,00,000

 

 

 

 

Society for RuralIndustrialisation, Bariatu, Ranchi,Jharkhand

Vocationalisation of Secondary Education

Rs.25,00,000

 

 

 

 

Sister NiveditaMemorial Trust, Firoz Gandhi College,Jakkanpur, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.2,97,600

 

 

 

 

Rajendra Shiksha AvamSamaj Kalyan Sansthan, Halimpur, PO- Dumri, Distt. Sitamarhi

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs. 96,000

 

 

 

 

Swablamban ShikshanKendra, M-2/30, Sri Krishnapuri, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,90,800

 

 

 

 

Pahal, Koilwar,Bhojpur

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.64,500

 

 

 

 

Kamlalay, Po Chainpur, Distt. Siwan

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs,1.54.000

 

 

 

 

Gram Swaraj AbhiyanSansthan, Karihien, Po Bishanpur, Distt.Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,50,460

 

 

 

 

Karpuri Thakur GraminVikas Sansthan, 151-MIG, Hanuman Nagar, Kankar Bagh, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.5,93,750

 

 

 

 

Gramin Sansadhan VikasParishad, Buxar,

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.2,85,000

 

 

 

 

Sayed ImmaumuddinQadri Muslim Minority Welfare Society, Katihar

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,43,800

 

 

 

 

Harijan Sevak Sangh,Near Kosi Yojana Parishar, Distt. Madhepura

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.2,00,900

 

 

 

 

Alp Sankhyak AvamHarijan Samaj Kalyan Kendra, Data Kambai, Shas Road, Muzaffarpur

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.6,28,500

 

 

 

 

Harijan Sewak Sangh,Rostampur, PO- Lokahi, Distt Purnia

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,54,000

 

 

 

 

Suvidha International,PO. Bagaha, Distt. West Champaran

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,04,000

 

 

 

 

Vishal Jan UtthanKendra, R Block, Road No. 8, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,31.400

 

 

 

 

Jan Jati Vikas Forum,Mohua, Disst. Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,08,000

 

 

 

 

Ramavati PrashikshanKendra, Khera, Distt. Jamui

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,45,000

 

 

 

 

Gramin Samagra SevaSansthan, Ward No.7, Kotwali Chowk, Madhubani

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,01,000

 

 

 

 

Surangam kala Kendra,Chakbasu, Ramna, Disst. Muzaffarpur

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,62,000

 

 

 

 

Siddhatrtha GyanKendra, Samastipur

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,46,000

 

 

 

 

Social WelfareCouncil, Durgasthan, Katihar

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,20,000

 

 

 

 

Medni Muslim WelfareSociety, Adarsh Vihar Colony, Rukenpura, Beli Road, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs1,60,000

 

 

 

 

Bhashkar, Post Office Road,Punaichak, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,18,800

 

 

 

 

Magadh Vikas Lok, At& PO Kasut, via Masaurhi, Patna.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,24,800

 

 

 

 

Mani Silai Kendra,Langoor Gali, Patna City, Patna.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,56,200

 

 

 

 

Orhul SamritiSansthan,At Sharpur, PO Jayanti Gram, ViaBaruni, Distt. Begusarai.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,24,800

 

 

 

 

New Junior St. MichalAcademy, veer Kumari Singh Colony, R N College Road, Vaishali.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,46,200

 

 

 

 

Mata Tetri Devi SakalRai Samaj Kalyan Sansthan, GandhiAshram Road, haryipur, Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs. 67,000

 

 

 

 

Chandra KalayanKendra, V & P.O. Gonawan, Distt. Nalanda.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs. 67,000

 

 

 

 

Bihar Education Society,56, Goutam Road, Gaya

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,45,000

 

 

 

 

Anurag Kendra, Arya Samaj Road,Betia West Champaran, Bihar

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs. 45,050

 

 

 

 

Pragati Foundation,Gobhardhanpur, Muzzaffarpur, Bihar

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,08,000

 

 

 

 

Dr. Ambedkar GramVikas Sansthan, PO Megouri via DalsingSarai, Distt. Samastipur.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs. 59,000

 

 

 

 

Sarvodaya Jan KalyanPartishchan, Rajgia, Nalanda.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,30,000

 

 

 

 

Shahpur Vikas Samiti,Sonepur, Shahpur, PO Sonepur Distt. Soran, Bihar

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,32,000

 

 

 

 

Shourya, Kanwar SinghNagar, Janta Road,GPO Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,20,000

 

 

 

 

Gramin SavothanPartisthan, Vill. Mirganj, Distt. Bhojpur.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.77,000

 

 

 

 

Balmiki DevelopmentSociety of India, 159/F, SK Puri, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,18,000

 

 

 

 

Samaj Seva Prangan, PO Lama, Distt. Vaishali.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,26,000

 

 

 

 

Bihar Kalayan Sansthan,Mohalla Sarinpur, Buxar.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,60,000

 

 

 

 

Lal Chuni MahilaSamarak Vikas Sansthan, Rajiv Nagar, Raod No. 9, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,42,000

 

 

 

 

Dalit Sewa Mandal,Palwaiya Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs. 80,000

 

 

 

 

Magdhanchal SevaAsharam, Station Road,Nalanda.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.79,700

 

 

 

 

Ramakrishna MissionVidyapeeth, PO Vidyapeeth, Distt. Deogarh

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.2,65,000

 

 

 

 

NomMahila Vikas Kalayan Samiti Kathihar Road, Sonali, Kathihar.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,66,000

 

 

 

 

Indian Instt. of Yoga,Ram Suchit Mishra Lane East,Boarding Canel Road, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,58,580

 

 

 

 

Paryavaran VikasSamiti, Vill. & P.O. Sondho, Distt. Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.3,24,800

 

 

 

 

Kamlalay, Post OfficeChainpur, Distt. Siwan.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,54,000

 

 

 

 

Jan Chetna Foundation Village, Karihan, Post OfficeBishanpur, Distt. Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,54,000

 

 

 

 

Shishu & MahilaKendra, Village Ismailpur, Vaishali

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,57,600

 

 

 

 

Central EnglishAcademy, Jakanpur, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,46,000

 

 

 

 

Sharmila Gramin ShilpKala Kendra, Dr. Toli P.O. Mokamo, Patna

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,54,000

 

 

 

 

Shishu Avam MahilaKendra, Vill. Ismailpur, PO Sondho, Distt.Vaishali.

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

Rs.1,58,000

 

 

 

 

Jan Shikshan sansthan,56, Gautam Budha Road, Gaya

Vocationalisation ofSecondary Education

 

Rs.6,09,000

 

 

 

Category

Total Number

Affiliation

Total Enrolment

Number of Teachers

Teacher-Student
Ratio

Pre-PrimarySchool

1

-

27316

-

-

PrimarySchool

53697

-

10473252

115486

63

ElementarySchool

13761

-

2548580

99181

49

SecondarySchool

4146

-

1092237

39356

43

SeniorSecondary School

227

-

34842

6135

41

PreDegree /Junior College

537

 

365708

Board ofIntermediate / Secondary Education

2

-

-

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Comments (3)
    • arbind kumar 1/12/2012, 1:43 PM

      hum ko bank clark banna hai
    • Comment #3
    • vitapu balasubramanyam 14/11/2012, 1:44 PM

      aided and unaided private institutions details not giiven.
    • Comment #2
    • preetam 5/10/2012, 5:16 PM

      BangaloreEducation.net best site for education
    • Comment #1
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